Survey and health assessment of chemical substances in massage oils

Enclosure 1. Natural occurrence and application

Natural occurrence and application of the 26 fragrances which EU has appointed allergenic.

Cas no. Fragrance substance Application in fragrance substance
(1, 2)
Naturally occurring
(2, 3, 4)
1 105-13-5 Anisyl alcohol
(anise alcohol)
Flower fragrance in drinks and
Tomato, aniseed, honey, vanilla
2 122-40-7 Amyl cinnamal   Soy boean
3 101-85-9 Amylcinnamyl alcohol   No data.
4 100-51-6 Benzyl alcohol Slight sweet fragrance, Solvent, starting material for synthesis of benzylesters. Apple juice, fruits
5 120-51-4 Benzyl benzoate Fixative, modifier in tongue. Flower fragrance. Main component in Peru balsam. cranberry
6 103-41-3 Benzylcinnamate Fixative. In tongue, oriental frangrances. No data.
7 118-58-1 Benzyl salicylate Fixative. In flowers/spicy fragrances and i aromas. blomster/krydrede dufte og i aromaer. Cranberry, clove
8 127-51-5 3-methyl-4-(2,6,6-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-yl)-3-buten-2-on ”Highly valued fragrance material”. In flowers and “fantasy” fragrances. No data.
9 104-54-1 Cinnamyl alcohol In many flower fragrances (lilac, hyacinth, lily of the valley). Cinnamon notes. As ”round off”. Blueberry, cranberry
10 104-55-2 Cinnamal
(cinnamic aldehyde)
  Blueberry, cranberry.
11 5392-40-5 Citral Strong lemon fragrance. Orange juice, lemon olie, lemon grass
12 106-22-9 Citronellol Rose fragrance, extended use, often in lemon fragrances. Rose, geranium, blackberry, fruits.
13 91-64-5 Coumarin “Spicy green notes”. In parfumes for soaps and as “brightener”.  
14 97-53-0 Eugenol Clove fragrance, ”oriental”, ”spicy” fragrances”. Clove and cinnamon, strawberry, fruits, nutmeg
15 4602-84-0 Farnesol In flower fragrances.
Fixative, deodorizing.
Grape fruit juice.
16 106-24-1 Geraniol Flower/rose fragrance. May emphasize lemon fragrance. Extended use. Rose, geranium, citronella, apple juice, fruits.
17 101-86-0 Hexylcinnamaldehyd Jasmine fragrance. In flower fragrances. Rice, boiled.
18 107-75-5 Hydroxycitronellal In many flower fragrances (lime, lily of the valley, caprifoil, lilly, woodbine, lilje, cyclamen). Synthetic
19 97-54-1 Isoeugenol In flower fragrances (pinks, cloves). “oriental”, “spicy”. Beer, rum, coffee, nutmeg
20 80-54-6 Lillial (tradename)
2-(4-tert-butylbenzyl) propionaldehyd
In flower fragrances (cyclamen, lily of the valley). Extended use. Synthetic
21 5989-27-5 d-limonene Lemon fragrance. From the peel of lemon fruits. Orange juice, fruits, , frugter, celery, vegetables.
22 78-70-6 Linalool In flower fragrances. Extended use. Freesia, lily of the valley, lavender, orange juice, carrot
23 31906-04-4 Lyral (tradename)
Hydroxymethylpentyl-cyclohexencarboxal dehydr.
In flower fragrances, lily of the valley. Synthetic
24 111-12-6 Methyl heptin carbonat  Melon fragrance Synthetic
25 90028-68-5 Oakmoss Dry, sweet, leather. Base note.
Moss (Evernia prunastri)on oaktree.
26 90028-67-4 Treemoss Moss on  spruce and pine (Evernia barbata og Evernia furfuraceae

1. Bauer K, Garbe D, Surburg H. Common fragrance and flavor materials: preparation, properties and uses. 4th ed. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH; 2001.

2. Secondini O. Handbook of perfumes and flavors. New York (NY): Chemical Publishing; 1990.

3. Council of Europe. Chemically-defined flavouring substances. Strasbourg: Council of Europe Publishing; 2000.

4. Sell, CS. Discovery and Design of Novel Molecules.  A Fragrant Introduction to Terpenoid Chemistry. The Royal Society of Chemistry; 2003


Version 1.0 October 2006, © Danish Environmental Protection Agency